HOW HIV AND AIDS AFFECT POPULATIONS
by Lori S. Ashford
he AIDS epidemic is one of the most destructive overall health crises of recent times, ravaging families and communities all over the world. By 2006, more than twenty-five million people had perished and an estimated 39 mil were living with HIV. An estimated 4 , 000, 000 people were newly infected with HIV in 2005вЂ”95 percent of them in sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern European countries, or Asia. While sub-Saharan Africa has been hardest strike, other areas also deal with serious
HIV and AIDS by Place, 2005
Prevalence (% of Volume of adults and children adults with HIV or AIDS) living with HIV or ASSISTS 1 . zero 6. 1 1 . six 0. eight 0. 6th 0. 6th 0. a few 0. three or more 0. 3 0. two 0. you 38, six hundred, 000 24, 500, 1000 330, 500 1, 500, 000 one particular, 300, 1000 7, 600, 000 one particular, 600, 500 78, 500 720, 000 440, 000 680, 1000
World Sub-Saharan Africa Carribbean Eastern Europe/Central Asia North America South/Southeast Asia Latin America Oceania Western/Central Europe North Africa/Middle East East Asia NOTE:
SUPPORTS epidemics (see the stand and Box 1). In recent years, nationally rep surveys possess enabled analysts to lower the previously released HIV prevalence estimates for a few countries. But the number of people infected and the effects on their families, communities, and countries are still staggering. one particular This plan brief gives an overview with the effects of HIV and SUPPORTS on population size, attributes, and well-being. It also illustrates the major initiatives needed to control the crisis. The pandemic continues to pass on worldwide irrespective of prevention efforts and successes in a few countries. Comprehensive ways to improve reproductive system and sexual health will need continued commitment and expense. Demographic and Health Effects of HIV/AIDS
Estimates of frequency include adults ages 15 and elderly who happen to be infected while using HIV disease or who are suffering from AIDS. AIDS might not appear for quite some time after contamination with HIV. AIDS is treatable although not curable at this time. S U U R C Elizabeth S: UNAIDS, 2006 Survey on the Global AIDS Crisis (2006): Annex 2, stand 1; and C. Haub, 2006 World Population Data Sheet (2006).
Emerging SUPPORTS Epidemics
Countries in Eastern Europe and Central AsiaвЂ”notably Russia and UkraineвЂ”as well as India and China and tiawan, have seen scary increases in HIV attacks in recent years. India now has the greatest number of HIV-infected people, although less than 1 percent of adults are afflicted. Countries consist of parts of Asia, including Vietnam, Indonesia, and Pakistan, could be on the brink of serious epidemics. In many of these countries, injecting-drug use and commercial love-making are traveling the nascent epidemics, but since the levels of infections boost, HIV distributes from masse that practice high-risk patterns into the general population. Early and aggressive education and prevention courses are had to prevent an over-all epidemic and spare thousands, if certainly not millions, of lives. REFERENCE POINT:
Countries which were hard hit by the AIDS epidemic have experienced mortality spike and life span drop in the last decade, since detailed beneath. But since the severely damaged countries in sub-Saharan Africa also have high fertility (average births every woman) and most have relatively small masse, the crisis has not resulted in population fall in the region. In some countries, just like Botswana, Lesotho, and S. africa, population expansion has slowed down dramatically or perhaps stopped as a result of AIDS, although overall growth in the region exceeds that of different world parts. Even accounting for AIDS-related mortality, subSaharan Africa's populace is projected to develop from 767 million in 2006 to 1. 7 billion in 2050. 2 AIDS features nevertheless used a damaging toll upon societies. It ranks 4th among the leading causes of death worldwide and first in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2005, UNAIDS approximated...
References: UNAIDS, 2006 Survey on the Global AIDS Pandemic (Geneva: UNAIDS, 2006). New estimates of HIV prevalence are derived from Demographic and Health Online surveys (DHS), which in turn take a agent sample from the total human population ages 15-49. In countries without a DHS, HIV estimates are determined from antenatal care services and other sources not representative of the total human population. 2 Carl Haub, 06\ World Population Data Linen (Washington, POWER: Population Guide Bureau, 2006). 3 Philip R. Lamptey, Jami T. Johnson, and Marya Khan, " The Global Challenge of HIV and AIDS, вЂќ Population Message 61, no . 1 (2006): 8-9. 4 UN Populace Division, Universe Population Leads: The 2004 Revision (New York: EL, 2005); and UNAIDS, 06\ Report on the Global SUPPORTS Epidemic. 5 United Nations, The Impact of SUPPORTS (New York: UN Division of Monetary and Cultural Affairs/Population Section, 2004). 6 Lamptey, Meeks, and Khan, " A global Challenge of HIV and AIDS. вЂќ 7 Un, The Impact of AIDS: 63. 8 United Nations, The Impact of AIDS: 85. 9 Ellie Best, " Family Planning and the Avoidance of Motherto-Child Transmission of HIV, вЂќFHI Working Conventional paper Series WP04-01 (Research Triangular Park, NC: Family Well being International, 2004). 10 UNAIDS, 2006 Record on the Global AIDS Crisis: 224. 14 Lamptey, Meeks, and Khan, " A global Challenge of HIV and AIDSвЂќ; and Jeremy Shiffman, " Features Donor Prioritization of HIV/AIDS Control Displaced Aid intended for Other Wellness Causes? вЂќ (paper presented at the annual meetings with the Population Affiliation of America, Los Angeles, Mar 30, 2006).
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Lori S i9000. Ashford of PRB ready this short based in component on a much longer report by simply Peter Ur. Lamptey and Jami T. Johnson of Family Health International and Marya Khan of PRB. Thanks will be due to a lot of people who reviewed this short: Carl Haub, Marya Khan, Mary Kent, Rachel Nugent, and Rhonda Smith of PRB; and Mary Ann Abeyta-Behnke, Megan Gerson, Mai Hijazi, Beverly Johnston, and Joan Robertson of the U. S. Organization for Foreign Development (USAID). Funding just for this policy simple was provided by the U. S. Company for Intercontinental Development, beneath the BRIDGE Job (No. GPO-A-00-03-00004-00). В© This summer 2006, Inhabitants Reference Bureau
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